An accidentally fall or trauma both may cause a bone fracture. Bone fracture is the most common bone disease in our life. Usually, the bone fracture should be determined by X-ray and diagnosed by the doctor. When an accident happened, there is no trauma but feel intense pain or local body area deformation, it’s more likely bone fracture occurred. So when this is happening, First aid for bone fracture is first important things we should deal with.
When should we doubt the bone fracture?
A fracture is a fracture of a bone caused by a fall or a blow. Growing period and old-age period bones are more fragile, so fractures are more common in children and older people with osteoporosis, mostly fractures occur at the ends of long bones in the human body.
When a kid or elderly got fracture when they fall cannot determine sometimes. But if some following symptoms are presents, we should go to the hospital to get emergency treatment.
- Feel severe pain and pain even lead to tears.
- Protrusions, shape change, redness, and swelling on local body.
- The parts of the body seem unable to move, feeling pain when it moves.
- Getting swollen, redness or purples because of internal bleeding.
- The internal tissue exposure from the wound, especially fractured bone seen and bleeding continuously.
Urgent first aid for bone fracture at home
1. First things first, get help from a doctor.
The first thing to be clear is that all fractures must be properly treated by a doctor. So if someone has a fracture should go to the hospital first. If the patient is unable to move or movement will cause life-threatening, please call the emergency ambulance in time.
2. Stop bleeding, avoid eat or drink.
Some fractures may be accompanied by open trauma. This means that there may be bleeding. If the bleeding is serious, use a sterile bandage or a clean cloth to stop the bleeding immediately so that the patient does not lose too much blood and cause shock. Some serious fractures may require surgery, so try not to let the patient eat anything or drink water.
3. Avoid unnecessary movement, straight or stretch.
Do not attempt to move the patient, especially if the fracture occurs in the skull, hips, pelvis, vertebrae or thigh fracture. Do not try to straighten the injured bone or change its position.
4. Fix the fractured area.
When the bone fracture occurs on arm or leg, it should fix by ourselves as soon as possible. We can put a towel both sides of the fractured area joint, then take some nearest available material like sticks, chopsticks, cardboard, hard ruler..as splint for the fractured area. In addition, we also can use newspapers and magazines to fix the fractured body part. If the fractured part is hand or arm, it should be fixed on patients chest, then go to the doctor as soon as they can.
5. Cold compressing technique.
We also can put an ice pack on the fractured area, to reduce the temperature of the local area in order to vasoconstriction and reduce the blood flow. It’s good to prevent swelling and reduce pain feeling.
Fractures may occur during the child’s growth and the elderly’s care in daily life. This is why urgent first aid for bone fracture is important knowledge everyone needs to know. You can also get more detailed information about bone fracture from this article “Bone fracture overview, causes, symptoms, types, diagnosis, treatment and prevention“.