Osteoporosis is the most common bone disease in elderly people in the world. Many elderly people suffer from bone pain and joint pain after they got osteoporosis. This makes the elderly become no longer happy in old age. Some of them also present shortened height as well. A patient who with osteoporosis should take proper treatment and prevention in time.
Shortened height should beware osteoporosis in elderly
Osteoporosis cause shortened height, hunchback (kyphosis).
These are the most important clinical sign of osteoporosis in elderly people. These symptoms usually appear in pain. The anterior part of the vertebral column is mostly composed of spongy bone, and this part is the mainstay of the human body and bear weight. Especially the 11,12 thoracic and 3 lumbar compression deformation easily. This situation causes the spine forward, dorsiflexion intensifies and kyphosis (hunchback). Normal people have 24 vertebrae each, and each vertebra is about 2cm high.
The elderly osteoporotic patient’s vertebrae get compressed and shortened about 2mm, the average body length will be shortened by 3 to 6cm.
Osteoporosis cause bone pain and joint pain.
The elderly osteoporotic patient most common symptom is back pain. Usually, the pain has scattered both sides of the spine. The pain can relief when the patient in a supine position or sitting position. But it will increase when standing or sitting a long time. It also increases in the nighttime, morning and decrease in the daytime. Coughing, bending and straining at stool also can cause pain in the back.
Osteoporosis cause respiratory dysfunction.
Vital capacity and maximal ventilation volume of lung decreased significantly in the osteoporotic patient with kyphosis or chest deformity. The worse lung function with aging and osteoporosis bone deformity, which will lead to chest tightness, shortness of breath, dyspnea and other symptoms.
Osteoporosis brings great harm to our body. Therefore, we must take proper precaution to prevent or reduce the incidence of it.
How to prevent osteoporosis in daily life?
- Avoid excessive consumption of tea.
- Don’t eat too much salty food.
- Avoid smoking, drinking alcohol and excessive coffee.
- Don’t take oxalic acid food and high calcium foods together.