Early pregnancy bleeding: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention




Early Pregnancy Bleeding Overview

Early pregnancy bleeding refers to a small amount of bloody secretions in the vagina within 12 weeks of pregnancy. This bleeding is very similar to the bleeding of women in the early or late stages of menstruation during non-pregnancy. The color of the blood may be pink, red or brown. About a quarter of pregnant women will have varying degrees of bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy. At the same time, about half of them will eventually abort.


Early pregnancy bleeding is related to cervical lesions, ectopic pregnancy, hydatidiform mole and other factors. Early pregnancy bleeding is usually a sign of danger. If you have lower abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding in the early stages of pregnancy, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible.


3 Major Causes of Early Pregnancy Bleeding

Why do some people bleed at the beginning of pregnancy?

In the early stages of pregnancy, embryo implantation is extremely unstable. Abortion may occur when the mother has chronic diseases or uterine congenital dysplasia or acquired defects, immune system problems, viral infections, or excessive labor. There are also has other minor reasons like excessive stress, excessive sexual life, external impact, improper medication. When the mother has a miscarriage, it will cause symptoms of vaginal bleeding.

There are three main reasons for the early bleeding in pregnancy:

  1. Cervical Lesions
    Some pregnant women have cervical lesions before pregnancy. This will lead to cervical erosion. There are also women who already have cervical polyps. If these women are pregnant, the cervix is ​​likely to cause capillary rupture due to hormonal changes. Therefore, when the pregnant woman has symptoms of vaginal bleeding in the early stage of pregnancy, the cervical examination should be performed as soon as possible.
  2. Ectopic Pregnancy
    Ectopic pregnancy can also lead to early pregnancy bleeding. Because the fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus, it is impossible to supply enough nutrients to the embryo. This situation will lead to the gradual development of the fertilized egg causing the wall of the fallopian tube to swell and the wall of the tube to rupture. Bleeding from ectopic pregnancy usually occurs between 7 and 8 weeks of pregnancy, with severe abdominal pain or major intra-abdominal bleeding.
  3. Hydatidiform Mole
    Pregnancy bleeding can also occur in pregnant women with hydatidiform moles. This type of bleeding is accompanied by severe morning sickness or increased heart rate. Women who are younger than 20 or older than 35, who have had a history of abortion or mole, should pay attention to whether they have a mole.

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Early Pregnancy Bleeding Prevention

How can I prevent bleeding in early pregnancy?

  1. Try to give birth before the age of 35.
  2. have a history of abnormal pregnancy, should consult a gynecologist before pregnancy.
  3. Actively adjust mentality and physical condition before pregnancy. Pre-pregnancy women should actively treat the original diseases such as hepatitis, diabetes, thyroid disease, high blood pressure, and nephritis.
  4. Pregnant women need to establish good living habits. At the same time, quit bad hobbies, such as smoking, alcoholism, excessive coffee, drug abuse, etc.
  5. moderate exercise to enhance physical fitness.
  6. Adjust your eating habits and evenly mix your diet.
  7. Learn to adjust yourself. Maintain a calm and positive attitude.
  8. during pregnancy, especially early pregnancy (before 8 weeks) should avoid infection, fever. Pregnant women try to avoid exposure to radiation and chemicals such as arsenic, lead, formaldehyde, and benzene (such as moving into newly decorated homes, dyeing hair, etc.). Women should also avoid taking drugs.
  9. If symptoms of threatened abortion occur during pregnancy, such as vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, back pain you should see a doctor in time. Pay attention to the amount and color of vaginal bleeding and observe if there is any tissue in the blood. Couples also need to ban sex.

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Write and Review

    • Written by Nurmemet, MD (Emergency Medicine Specialist)
    • Medically reviewed by Merhaba, MD (Pediatrician)


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