Irregular periods (irregular menstruation) is a common gynecological disease in women. It manifests as excessive or too little menstrual flow and inaccurate menstrual cycles. Irregular living habits such as irregular work and excessive diet can lead to changes in the endocrine environment that can easily lead to irregular menstruation. In addition, some gynecological diseases such as uterine fibroids and endometrial polyps are also the causes of this phenomenon.
Irregular periods causes
- Work and rest irregularity. Frequent night work, sleep and working hours are reversed and other bad habits can easily lead to endocrine disorders. This will also cause irregular menstruation. Irregular periods also can occur when woman have long trips.
- Excessive weight loss. Uncontrolled weight loss or excessive exercise can result in the body not being able to consume enough protein and fat. This will affect the normal synthesis of estrogen in the body. Abnormal estrogen can cause too little menstrual flow or amenorrhea.
- Emotional factors. The hypothalamic function is impaired if you are in chronically depressed, anxious, or under tremendous mental stress. The ovaries are unable to secrete hormones and ovulate, which can easily lead to irregular menstruation.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome. PCOS is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorder in women in reproductive ages. It is characterized by chronic anovulation (dysfunction or loss of ovulation) and hyperandrogenemia (male hormone excess in the woman). The main clinical manifestations of PCOS are the irregular periods, infertility, hirsutism, acne, which are the most common endocrine diseases in women.
- Abortion surgery. Multiple abortions can lead to the thin endometrium. It will cause the uterine damage is difficult to repair, and even cause irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, infertility.
- Uterine fibroids. Women with uterine fibroids usually have irregular periods. This is mainly manifested by the symptoms of menstrual flow and long menstrual cycle. The severity of the symptoms depends on the condition of the uterine fibroids.
- Thyroid problems. If women have hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, it will also affect ovarian function and make menstruation period irregular.
- Affect of the birth control ring. The birth control ring could stimulate the female endometrium. This will lead to irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, etc.
You may also check another article “Two periods in one month: 5 main causes” about irregular periods causes in detail.
Irregular periods symptoms
- Period early (Epimenorrhea): Generally, the menstrual cycle is normal, and the menstrual cycle suddenly shortens than 21 days, and there are more than 2 consecutive cycles, but the menstrual flow is normal.
- Period delay: Generally, the menstrual cycle is normal, sudden delay of 7 days, even delay 40-50 days, and there are more than 2 consecutive cycles, but the menstrual flow is normal.
- Period extended: The menstrual cycle and menstrual volume are unchanged, but the menstrual period is prolonged more than 7 days. Sometimes the period of menstruation lasts for two weeks.
- Menorrhagia (Menstrual volume increase): Normal women’s menstrual blood volume is generally 50-80ml per day. The bleeding volume on the 2-3th day of periods is the most. The daily blood loss during menstruation is more than 80ml, or the amount of menstruation is significantly increased compared with the past, which is called menorrhagia.
- Hypomenorrhea (Menstrual volume decrease): The menstrual cycle is basically normal, but the amount of menstruation is significantly reduced, even a few drops. In this case, the menstrual period will be shortened by less than two days.
- Mid-period bleeding(Mid-menstrual bleeding, Intermenstrual bleeding): Also known as inter-menstrual bleeding, may also be ovulatory bleeding. This refers to bleeding that occurs between two regular menstrual cycles.
- Dysmenorrhea: It is divided into primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea refers to dysmenorrhea without genital lesions in the reproductive organs, while secondary dysmenorrhea refers to dysmenorrhea caused by pelvic organic diseases.
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS): Women show a series of physical and emotional discomforts in the later stages of the menstrual cycle, such as irritability, insomnia, headache, and breast tenderness. When the premenstrual syndrome is severe, it can affect the normal daily life.
The harms of irregular periods
- Premature aging: Long-term irregular periods leads to endocrine disorders, which can cause premature aging symptoms such as pigmentation, loose skin, and enlarged pores on women’s faces. Those who have been ill for a long time will also have sagging breasts, loss of libido, and poor memory.
- Anemia: Women with irregular bleeding or excessive menstruation are prone to anemia symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue, palpitation, and shortness of breath. Serious blood loss in women can be a life-threatening problem.
- Gynecological inflammation: Modern medicine has shown that irregular menstruation may induce menstrual arthritis, menstrual toothache, menstrual asthma, endometriosis, cervicitis and other diseases.
- Infertility: Irregular menstruation is often caused by gynecological diseases, such as uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, pelvic inflammatory disease. If the disease is not treated in time, it will lead to worsening of the condition and cause infertility.
Irregular period treatment
The most effective way to treat irregular menstruation is to identify the etiology, which can effectively solve the problem. Irregular periods treatment, in addition to medication treatment, but also with a healthy lifestyle, eat less frozen food, maintain adequate nutrition. Women should not overemphasize and learn to release their stress and ensure adequate rest time.
Irregular periods home remedies
- Improve bad habits, environmental factors, and mental factors, avoiding these factors affecting the gonadal axis and causing irregular menstruation.
- Reduce stress at work and let your mood relax.
- Keep away from electromagnetic waves and noise.
- Avoid drug abuse, reduce or stop smoking, and don’t blindly lose weight.
- Regularly participate in exercises, such as swimming, running, brisk walking, aerobics and other sports activities. Exercise can enhance physical function, maintain body shape, regulate periods, and relieve stress.
- Regulate the balance and diversity of the diet.
- Keep the body warm, especially during the menstrual period. Avoid swimming, cold drinks and stays in the rain during menstruation.
Medical terms about woman’s period
- Menorrhagia: It is a medical term refers to excessive blood loss in the period. The daily blood loss during menstruation is more than 80ml, or the amount of menstruation is significantly increased compared with the past.
- Menometroraji: It is a medical term refers to irregular menstrual bleeding, like Long duration and a large amount of menstruation.
- metrorrhagia: It is a medical term refers to the abnormal vaginal bleeding between periods, also called spotting, and Intermenstrual bleeding (like two periods in one month).
- Hypermenorrhea: It is a medical term refers to abnormally heavy or prolonged menstruation.
- Polymenorrhea: It is a medical term refers to cycles with intervals of 21 days or fewer.
- Oligomenorrhea: It is a medical term refers to infrequent menstrual periods.
- Amenorrhea: It is a medical term refers to the absence of menstruation, one or more missed menstrual periods.
- Hypomenorrhea: It is a medical term refers to the short or scanty periods, is extremely light menstrual blood flow.
- Dysmenorrhea: It is a medical term refers to the painful periods, or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation.
- Epimenorrhea: It is a medical term refers to the too frequent menstruation, occurring at any time, but particularly at the beginning and end of menstrual life.
- The fact about irregular periods – everydayhealth.com address
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- Written by Merhaba, MD (Pediatrician)
- Medically reviewed by Nurmemet, MD (Emergency Medicine Specialist)